General Facts For Cockroaches
Found in abundance throughout the world, cockroaches rank among the oldest and most resilient of insects on the planet. The ubiquitous and hardy creatures first appeared on the earth roughly 400 million years ago and have evolved minimally over time. Modern cockroaches therefore look very similar to the cockroaches that lived during the prehistoric geological era when the insects originally emerged. Cockroaches have adapted to survive wherever people can live and have become closely associated with humans and manmade structures. The remarkable survival abilities of the cockroach enable the formerly tropical insect to thrive in a variety of climate zones, including temperate regions of Malaysia. The indoor presence of cockroaches often creates an unsanitary situation and can pose various health threats to humans.
What Do Roaches Look Like?
Depending on the particular species, adult cockroaches measure between 1 and 5 centimetres in length and range in colour from black to reddish-brown. Most species of cockroaches in Canada have wings but are not capable of sustained, powered flight. Some species may use their wings to glide for short distances. Each cockroach has pair of long antennae and six legs, which are typically long and spiny. The body is flattened back to front and oval-shaped, as a result, they are perfectly equipped for hiding in small cracks or crevices that touch both the topside and the underside of the body. Immature cockroaches, known as nymphs, look like smaller wingless versions of fully grown adults.
Control Treatment for Cockroaches
Cockroaches are common to commercial premises. It is usually the species of cockroach and the extent of the infestation which are important considerations when structuring an effective control program.
Cockroaches are controlled by thorough spraying of their harbourage areas, breeding grounds & runways with residual insecticide. Sensitive areas such as toilets, gulley traps and sewage manholes are harbourage areas where they breed by the thousands. Application of chemical concentration with strong residual activity will be the only effective way to deal with there breed of pests.
It’s commonly divided into 3 categories:
- American Cockroaches
- Oriental Cockroaches
- German Cockroaches
Cockroaches represent one of the most serious risks to public health because they spread diseases which contribute to food poisoning. They present a problem in food stores, restaurants, catering establishments, home living’s kitchens & drains & sewage outlets.
Rodents/Rats are a major pest in almost every country of the world because it cause serious structural damages & spread dangerous diseases. The 2 species which are very wide spread are the common rats-rattus & the brown rat-rattus norvegicus. Both species attack almost any food/stores commodity. Rats are renowned carriers of diseases organisms & their presence near food creates a serve health risk.
Control Treatment for Rodents /Rats
Initially, rat bait stations are set up extensively at strategic positions with special attention being paid to storage & canteen areas. Bating points will be laid along the perimeter of the building to intercept rodents from penetrating from the adjoining areas. These baits will be checked & replenished as and when necessary.
Rodents reproduce rapidly with major activity at night. Under stable conditions rodent movement for both rats and mice is limited.
Rodents/Rat will move within a diameter of 98 to 164 ft. and a house mouse,10 to 33 ft. If conditions are unstable or there are changes such as new building, they may expand the diameter. They may also expand their range in protected areas such as in sewers, in passages between buildings, and under groundcovers.
Rats tend to eat most of their food at one time, where mice will nibble a little at a time.
Rats tend to be cautious and mice are more curious.
Both of these rodents are able to squeeze through extremely small openings; 1/4 inch for mice and 1/2 inch for rats.
Rodents can be found not only in our homes, but supermarkets, restaurants, warehouses, food processing facilities, livestock facilities, and farm fields.
Rat Prevention Tips
See our tips below on practical ways you can help to prevent a problem:
- Keep foodstuffs in metal or glass containers with tight fitting lids.
- Tidy inside the house and around the garden – less clutter means less places to hide.
- Place outdoor rubbish bags in metal bins with securely fitted lids to stop them feeding from contents.
- Clean up pet food and bird seed debris, and store pet food in robust containers with fitted lids – preferably above ground level.
- Keep gardens free from debris. If you have a compost heap don’t include organic food waste, as this will attract them.